From The Pastor's Desk

A Survey of the Bible-Deuteronomy

Meaning of the name:  “deuter”=second; “nomos”=law; a second giving of the law

*Note-Deuteronomy means “second law.”  In Deuteronomy, Moses restates God’s law for the Israelites (probably because 40 years had passed since the law was originally given on Mount Sinai).  The people had forgotten much of the law.  In Deuteronomy, Moses repeats many of the same rules that we read in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers.

Author:  Moses

*Interesting fact-Most people believe that Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible, including Deuteronomy.  Joshua, however, may have written the last chapter which describes Moses’ death.

Key words:  observe, do, keep, and obey

Key characters:  Moses and Joshua

Key verses:  And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?-Deut. 10:12-13

Key concepts:

  • ·         Obedience is only the beginning of what is expected of God’s people-[H]e wants [H]is people to be in relationship with [H]im.
  • ·         God’s people are to love [H]im.

Key teachings about God:

  • ·         God is faithful and expects [H]is people to be faithful.
  • ·         God is one.
  • ·         God is concerned with justice.
  • ·         God blesses those who are faithful and punishes those who disobey.

Purpose of Deuteronomy:

Deuteronomy is comprised of a series of speeches by Moses at the end of his life.  The people have traveled eastward from Kadesh, around the southern end of the Dead Sea, and have arrived on the Plains of Moab just east of the Jordan River.  They are ready to cross over and inherit the land that God had promised so long ago.  But Moses will not be going in with them, so he offers these speeches as his parting words to them before he dies. . . .The book can be considered the charter document. . . .containing Israel’s mission statement, values, and by-laws.


The main purpose of the book is to remind Israel of their special relationship to God.  They were the covenant people and were to obey His laws.  Israel was reminded in Deuteronomy of the privileged position that they had and the resulting responsibilities to serve God faithfully and to be holy.  In these messages Moses pled with the people to obey the commandments.  His pleas to the nation were based on several facts: (1) God’s goodness to them in the past (4:32-40); (2) God’s goodness to them in the recent wilderness experience (29:5-9); (3) Israel’s responsibility to be a good testimony to the nations of the earth (4:6-7); (4) God’s love which had been poured out on them (7:7-11); (5) God’s sure promise of blessing (7:12-14); and (6) God’s warnings of certain judgment for disobedience (29:24-28).


Resources:  Survey of the Old Testament, The Essential Bible Companion, and The King James Version Student Bible




Posted by Pastor Micah Perry on Aug.23, 2017